"[48], Rebuilding America's Defenses recommended establishing four core missions for US military forces: the defense of the "American homeland," the fighting and winning of "multiple, simultaneous major theatre wars," the performance of "'constabular' duties associated with shaping the security environment" in key regions, and the transformation of US forces "to exploit the 'revolution in military affairs.'" The statement had 25 signers, including project members and outside supporters (see Signatories to Statement of Principles). Le Project for the New American Century (Projet pour le Nouveau Siècle Américain, PNAC) est un think tank néoconservateur américain ayant fonctionné de 1997 à 2006. (Wiesbaden: VS Springer) . )>> /F 287 0 R >> endobj 474 0 obj << /I << /Title (The program we advocate \205 one that would provide America with forces \ to meet the strategic demands of the world\220s sole superpower \205 req\ uires budget levels to be increased to 3.5 to 3.8 percent of the GDP. To help achieve these aims, Rebuilding America's Defenses advocated a gradual increase in military and defense spending "to a minimum level of 3.5 to 3.8 percent of gross domestic product, adding $15 billion to $20 billion to total defense spending annually. )>> /F 218 0 R >> endobj 471 0 obj << /I << /Title (Until the process of transformation is treated as an enduring military m\ ission \205 worthy of a constant allocation of dollars and forces \205 i\ t will remain stillborn. . )>> /F 66 0 R >> endobj 467 0 obj << /I << /Title (It would be wise to reduce the frequency of carrier presence in the Medi\ terranean and the Gulf while increasing U.S. Navy presence in the Pacifi\ c.)>> /F 100 0 R >> endobj 468 0 obj << /I << /Title (The Navy must begin to reduce its heavy dependence on carrier operations\ . The Project for the New American Century ceased to function in 2006;[19] it was replaced by a new think-tank named the Foreign Policy Initiative, co-founded by Kristol and Kagan in 2009. h�Y)�M��BѭBn�Ֆ�+��z�U�E���L���ҋ��_)�,�.�$�Dh�����-*�ODωu�+����]����!�P�Q�El���w���&Z5��=�_/`(%&m�O��f 51у�Z��bķ������$��-+�_���x����o�V.��F "[48] Journalist John Pilger pointed to this passage when he argued that the Bush administration had used the events of September 11 as an opportunity to capitalize on long-desired plans. The Foreign Policy Initiative was dissolved in 2017. 0000003975 00000 n 0000006693 00000 n Have one to sell? Share on These Popular Social Networking Websites. [45] Similarly, BBC journalist Paul Reynolds portrayed PNAC's activities and goals as key to understanding the foreign policy of the George W. Bush administration after September 11, 2001, suggesting that Bush's "dominant" foreign policy was at least partly inspired by the PNAC's ideas. Rebuilding America’s Military Project: The United States Army Thomas W. Spoehr. Rebuilding America’s Defenses, p. 51. 0000006715 00000 n Scan an ISBN with your phone Use the Amazon App to scan ISBNs and compare prices. Twitter Share on linkedin. IRAQ LIBERATION ACT OF 1998", "MEMORANDUM TO: OPINION LEADERS, FROM: MARK LAGON, SUBJECT: Iraq", "Former Bush Aide: US Plotted Iraq Invasion Long Before 9/11", "State of Terror: War by any other name . The plan shows Bush's cabinet intended to take military control of the Gulf region whether or not Saddam Hussein was in power. [2][63] From September 5, 2018, till January 13, 2019, the PNAC homepage went back online without any further explanation. 0000009142 00000 n 0000003028 00000 n Posts about Rebuilding America’s Defenses written by Max T. Furr. )>> /F 48 0 R >> endobj 480 0 obj << /I << /Title (The Army\220s \217Land Warrior\220 experiments will greatly increase the\ value of dismounted infantry. )>> /F 167 0 R >> endobj 469 0 obj << /I << /Title (The Navy has built up a \217modernization deficit\220 \205 of surface sh\ ips, submarines and aircraft \205 that will soon approach $100 billion. Rebuilding America’s Defenses: Strategy, Forces and Resources for a New Century i INTRODUCTION The Project for the New American Century was established in the spring of 1997. 0000004561 00000 n )>> /F 213 0 R >> endobj 466 0 obj << /I << /Title (The increasing number of \217constabulary\220 missions for U.S. troops, \ such as in Kosovo above, must be considered an integral element in Penta\ gon force planning. [51], Some critics went further, asserting that Rebuilding America's Defenses should be viewed as a program for global American hegemony. According to Hammond, the report's recommendations were "exactly what one would generally expect neoconservatives to say, and it is no great revelation that they said it in publicly available documents prior to September 2001. 0000007671 00000 n REBUILDING AMERICA’S DEFENSES Strategy, Forces and Resources For a New Century. Twitter Share on linkedin. (The New Press, 2002), in his article published in CounterPunch, and William Rivers Pitt, in Truthout, respectively, argued that the PNAC's goals of military hegemony exaggerated what the military can accomplish, that they failed to recognize "the limits of US power", and that favoring pre-emptive exercise of military might over diplomatic strategies could have "adverse side effects. "[6] The organization stated that "American leadership is good both for America and for the world," and sought to build support for "a Reaganite policy of military strength and moral clarity. "[7], Of the twenty-five people who signed PNAC's founding statement of principles, ten went on to serve in the administration of U.S. President George W. Bush, including Dick Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld, and Paul Wolfowitz. [41][61]), By the end of 2006, PNAC was "reduced to a voice-mail box and a ghostly website [with a] single employee ... left to wrap things up", according to a correspondent at the BBC News. '"[45][52] British MP Michael Meacher made similar allegations in 2003, stating that the document was "a blueprint for the creation of a global Pax Americana," which had been "drawn up for" key members of the Bush administration. “Rebuilding America’s Defenses” – A Summary (Blueprint of the PNAC (Project for a New American Century- Jewish Think Tank) Plan for U.S. Rebuilding America’s Defenses-–Strategy, Forces and Resources for a New Century (Sep 2000) Download Full PDF.HERE. )>> /F 299 0 R >> endobj 475 0 obj << /I << /Title (At present the United States faces no global rival. The report warned that "no moment in international politics can be frozen in time; even a global Pax Americana will not preserve itself. Stating that American policy "cannot continue to be crippled by a misguided insistence on unanimity in the UN Security Council," the letter's signatories asserted that "the U.S. has the authority under existing UN resolutions to take the necessary steps, including military steps, to protect our vital interests in the Gulf. Diese Forderung zur Fortsetzung des unter Ronald Reagan begonnenen „Star Wars“-Projekts SDI war Gegenstand zahlreicher Analysen und zog viel Kritik auf sich. Non-profit organizations based in Washington, D.C. [41], Some[who?] [5], In September 2000 PNAC released "Rebuilding America's Defenses" a report that promotes "the belief that America should seek to preserve and extend its position of global leadership by maintaining the preeminence of U.S. military forces." Rebuilding America's defenses: Strategy, forces and resources for a new century OFFPRINT by Thomas Donnelly (Author) ISBN. ", "There can be no question that the September 2002 'National security strategy of the United States of America,' announcing a Bush doctrine predicated upon military prevention, regime change, and enhanced defence spending, has been heavily influenced by neoconservative writings. Le PNAC pose en principe fondamental la considération selon laquelle le « leadership américain est à la foi… A Report of The Project for the New American Century - September 2000. 0000004410 00000 n It is issuing a report entitled "Rebuilding America's Defenses" that clearly is aimed at influencing the next administration. 0000011128 00000 n The report also states, "advanced forms of biological warfare that can “target” specific genotypes may transform biological warfare from the realm of terror to a politically useful tool." "In particular, Abelson quotes British MP Michael Meacher on, This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 21:19. Hammond, for example, notes that while Rebuilding America's Defenses "is often cited as evidence that a blueprint for American domination of the world was implemented under cover of the war on terrorism," it was actually "unexceptional." [48], Written before the September 11 attacks, and during political debates of the War in Iraq, a section of Rebuilding America's Defenses entitled "Creating Tomorrow's Dominant Force" became the subject of considerable controversy: "Further, the process of transformation, even if it brings revolutionary change, is likely to be a long one, absent some catastrophic and catalyzing event – like a new Pearl Harbor. Le rapport Rebuilding America's Defenses présente sa doctrine (Reconstruire les défenses de l'Amérique) [3], rédigé par les membres du PNAC en 2000, document de 90 pages qui porte sur la stratégie militaire des États-Unis. Le rapport Rebuilding America's Defenses [4] (Reconstruire les défenses de l'Amérique), rédigé par les membres du PNAC en 2000, présente sa doctrine dans un document de 90 pages qui porte sur la stratégie militaire des États-Unis. [25][26] Following perceived Iraqi unwillingness to co-operate with UN weapons inspections, core members of the PNAC including Richard Perle, Paul Wolfowitz, R. James Woolsey, Elliot Abrams, Donald Rumsfeld, Robert Zoellick, and John Bolton were among the signatories of an open letter initiated by the PNAC to President Bill Clinton calling for the removal of Saddam Hussein. N��h� �hrMX��a4�UᄓT�$���5�SA�"�/��mWd \1e�Ӫ��� 0000005060 00000 n Rebuilding America’s Defenses. 0000011505 00000 n Pinterest Share on reddit. Rebuilding Americas Defenses The Project for the New American Century. Citing the PNAC's 1997 Statement of Principles, Rebuilding America's Defenses asserted that the United States should "seek to preserve and extend its position of global leadership" by "maintaining the preeminence of U.S. military forces. Cet organisme qui se présente comme une organisation d'éducation à but non lucratif, a été fondé au début de l'année 1997 par William Kristol et Robert Kagan. [19][27] Portraying Saddam Hussein as a threat to the United States, its Middle East allies, and oil resources in the region, and emphasizing the potential danger of any weapons of mass destruction under Iraq's control, the letter asserted that the United States could "no longer depend on our partners in the Gulf War to continue to uphold the sanctions or to punish Saddam when he blocks or evades UN inspections." Strategy, Forces and Resources For a New Century The Project for the New American Century September 2000 A Report of THE PATH NEVER CHOSEN is the Only Path to Peace. Principale Rebuilding Americas Defenses. %PDF-1.2 %���� Global Hegemony: Or “Pax Americana”) PNAC’s Manifesto: “Rebuilding America’s Defenses” Some people have compared it to Hitler’s publication of Mein Kampf, which was ignored until after the war was over. Rebuilding Americas Defenses Strategy, Forces and Resources For a New Century A subject of The bear for the New American Century September 2000 jumpy THE PROJECT FOR THE NEW AMERICAN CENTURY Established in the spring of 1997, the Project for the New American Century is a nonprofit, educational organization whose goal is to promote American world(a) leadership. This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book. 458 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 482 /H [ 5624 1091 ] /L 873322 /E 12965 /N 90 /T 864043 >> endobj xref 458 50 0000000016 00000 n Im September 2000 publizierte das PNAC einen 80-seitigen Bericht mit dem Titel „Rebuilding America's Defenses: Strategies, Forces, And Resources For a New Century“. One of the PNAC's most influential publications was a 90-page report titled Rebuilding America's Defenses: Strategies, Forces, and Resources For a New Century. Saat Operasi Psikologis Terbongkar Oleh: Ndaru Anugerah 2016. "[28] Believing that UN sanctions against Iraq would be an ineffective means of disarming Iraq, PNAC members also wrote a letter to Republican members of the U.S. Congress Newt Gingrich and Trent Lott,[29] urging Congress to act, and supported the Iraq Liberation Act of 1998 (H.R.4655)[30][31] which President Clinton signed into law in October 1998. Rebuilding America’s Defenses: Strategy, Forces and Resources for a New Century. Among these have been works published under the aegis of the 'Project for a new American century,' including. )>> /F 179 0 R >> endobj 470 0 obj << /I << /Title (The Clinton Administration\220s adherence to the 1972 ABM Treaty has fru\ strated development of useful ballistic missile defenses. Na 11/9 was ik er van overtuigd dat het een schandalige aktie was op onze westerse normen. )>> /F 269 0 R >> endobj 473 0 obj << /I << /Title (If defense spending remains at current levels, U.S. forces will soon be \ too old or too small. 0000007085 00000 n The memo questioned the viability of Iraqi democratic opposition, which the U.S. was supporting through the Iraq Liberation Act, and referred to any "containment" policy as an illusion. Strategy, Forces and Resources For a New Century", "PUBLIC LAW 105–338—OCT. [14][41][42][43][44] Writing in Der Spiegel in 2003, for example, Jochen Bölsche specifically referred to PNAC when he claimed that "ultra-rightwing US think-tanks" had been "drawing up plans for an era of American global domination, for the emasculation of the UN, and an aggressive war against Iraq" in "broad daylight" since 1998. It says: 'The United States has for decades sought to … 0000011106 00000 n H�b```f`������(� �� �@Q�0�J60( iFF&� � ���� \��h`�34r�H��nL;�YY�X�� Rebuilding America's Defenses. According to the report, current levels of defense spending were insufficient, forcing policymakers "to try ineffectually to "manage" increasingly large risks." The Project for the New American Century developed from Kristol and Kagan's belief that the Republican Party lacked a "compelling vision for American foreign policy," which would allow Republican leaders to effectively criticize President Bill Clinton's foreign policy record. 0000002807 00000 n Invia-to-Kindle o Email . File: PDF, 853 KB. Rebuilding America's Defenses Deutsch Pdf Download >>> blltly.com/1lnco6 2 REILI AERICAS ILITAR PROECT: TE ITE STATES AR [9][19], In this regard, Stuart Elden has stated that "The influence that PNAC had was astonishing," and noted that, The number of figures associated with PNAC that had been members of the Reagan or the first Bush administration and the number that would take up office with the administration of the second President Bush demonstrate that it is not merely a question of employees and budgets. Rebuilding America's Defenses book. 0000003587 00000 n 31, 1998. Writing in Der Spiegel in 2003, Jochen Bölsche claimed that Rebuilding America's Defenses "had been developed by PNAC for Rumsfeld, Cheney, Wolfowitz and Libby," and was "devoted to matters of 'maintaining US pre-eminence, thwarting rival powers and shaping the global security system according to US interests. 0000002747 00000 n Calling for a "Reaganite" policy of "military strength and moral clarity," it concluded that PNAC's principles were necessary "if the United States is to build on the successes of this past century and to ensure our security and our greatness in the next." Rebuilding America’s Defenses, version française Reconstruire les défenses de l’Amérique téléchargeable, traduite par Pierre-Henry Bunel pour ReOpen911. Jochen Bölsche, "Bushs Masterplan - Der Krieg, der aus dem Think Tank kam", administration of U.S. President George W. Bush, Committee for Peace and Security in the Gulf, Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs, United States Ambassador to the United Nations, National Security Advisor of the United States, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Global Strategic Affairs, Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs, A Clean Break: A New Strategy for Securing the Realm, "War With Iraq/Political Thought: Those Who Sought War are Now Pushing Peace", "Bush Dreams of Changing Not Just Regime but Region", "Nation-Builders must not lose their voice", First Impressions, Second Thoughts: Reflections on the Changing Role of Think Tanks in U.S. Foreign Policy, Running the World: The Inside Story of the National Security Council and the Architects of American Power, https://web.archive.org/web/20021112224032/http://www.newamericancentury.org/RebuildingAmericasDefenses.pdf, "Rebuilding America's Defenses: Strategy, Forces and Resources For a New Century", "Rebuilding America's Defenses. [57], The Strategic Studies Institute' s Jeffrey Record in his monograph Bounding the Global War on Terrorism, Gabriel Kolko, research professor emeritus at York University and author of Another Century of War? 0000002383 00000 n The Project for the New American Century (PNAC) was a neoconservative[1][2][3] think tank based in Washington, D.C. that focused on United States foreign policy. 0000010558 00000 n I believe that "Rebuilding America's Defenses" is a must-read for anyone concerned about the future of our planet. Rebuilding America's Defenses. Facebook Share on twitter. ", "No one can doubt that PNAC was an important contributor to the. Share on facebook. Donald Kagan and Gary Schmitt are credited as project chairmen. 0000003456 00000 n 50 Free Printable Bookmark Templates. Se continui ad utilizzare questo sito noi assumiamo che tu ne sia felice. Pagine: 90. The American people will support that effort, and the United States is more than strong enough to make it a success. [4][5] PNAC's stated goal was "to promote American global leadership. Its specific recommendations included the maintenance of US nuclear superiority, an increase of the active personnel strength of the military from 1.4 to 1.6 million people, the redeployment of US forces to Southeast Europe and Asia, and the "selective" modernization of US forces. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. The letter suggested that "any strategy aiming at the eradication of terrorism and its sponsors must include a determined effort to remove Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq," even if no evidence surfaced linking Iraq to the September 11 attacks. Download this must read document released just one short year before the tragic events of September 11th. 26 Feb 2016 2 Comments. )>> /F 244 0 R >> endobj 472 0 obj << /I << /Title (The Navy should consider using a de-activated carrier to better understa\ nd the possibilities and problems of operating large fleets of UAVs at s\ ea. 0000004940 00000 n Donald E. Abelson has written that scholars studying "PNAC's ascendancy" in the political arena "cannot possibly overlook the fact" that several of the signatories to PNAC's Statement of Purposes "received high level positions in the Bush administration," but that acknowledging these facts "is a far cry from making the claim that the institute was the architect of Bush's foreign policy."[16][46][47]. Utilizziamo i cookie per essere sicuri che tu possa avere la migliore esperienza sul nostro sito. [49][50] It suggested that the preceding decade had been a time of peace and stability, which had provided "the geopolitical framework for widespread economic growth" and "the spread of American principles of liberty and democracy." 0000004834 00000 n [53] Academic Peter Dale Scott subsequently wrote, "[PNAC's] ideology was summarized in a major position paper, Rebuilding America's Defenses, in 2000. At the end of the list of "Project Participants", on page 90 of. Reddit From the Podcast Archive. Per favore leggi la nostra breve guida come inviare un libro a Kindle. Secretary of Defense James Mattis has issued his initial campaign plan for rebuilding America's military, pursuant to a presidential directive signed January 27. "[48] The report's primary author was Giselle Donnelly, then going by the first name Thomas. 0000012734 00000 n 0000005120 00000 n Publication date 2000-09 Topics 9/11, NeoConservatism, NeoCons, September 11th Collection opensource Language English All of these, the report asserted, were "bad choices" and "false economies," which did little to promote long-term American interests. The following refer to or label PNAC as a neoconservative organization: Statement of Principles of the Project for a New American Century : Arin, Kubilay Yado (2013): Think Tanks, the Brain Trusts of US Foreign Policy. 0000002508 00000 n "[34] From 2001 through the invasion of Iraq, the PNAC and many of its members voiced active support for military action against Iraq, and asserted leaving Saddam Hussein in power would be "surrender to terrorism. )>> /F 23 0 R >> endobj 476 0 obj << /I << /Title (\001)>> /F 225 0 R >> endobj 477 0 obj << /I << /Title (\001)>> /F 282 0 R >> endobj 478 0 obj << /I << /Title (\001)>> /F 291 0 R >> endobj 479 0 obj << /I << /Title (None of the defense reviews of the past decade has weighed fully the ran\ ge of missions demanded by U.S. global leadership, nor adequately quanti\ fied the forces and resources necessary to execute these missions succes\ sfully. Eduardo A. Encina, Tampa Bay Times 1 min ago Biden has signed 42 executive actions since taking office. To take it we would have to ditch our exclusive religious beliefs and allow the Golden Rule, to rule. Home; About; Seeking funds for Flint, Democrats block energy bill. The 13-digit and 10-digit formats both work. "[58][59][60] (Paul Reynolds and Max Boot have made similar observations. Political and economic think tanks in the United States, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from April 2016, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "The PNAC's 33 leaders were highly connected with the American state - displaying 115 such connections: 27 with the Department of Defense, 13 with State, 12 with the White House, 10 with the, "The PNAC may be considered strongly integrated into the political and administrative machinery of US power; certainly, it is not an outsider institution in this regard. REBUILDING AMERICA’S DEFENSES. Share on These Popular Social Networking Websites. )>> /F 254 0 R >> endobj 481 0 obj << /I << /Title (\001)>> /F 236 0 R >> endobj 506 0 obj << /S 1496 /O 1600 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 507 0 R >> stream Ever since Gutenberg rolled out his infamous printing press in the mid-fourteen hundreds, books have warmed our hearts and homes in ample abundance. its trajectory, increasing times for interception and multiplying the effectiveness of … Writing in Der Spiegel in 2003, Jochen Bölsche claimed that Rebuilding America's Defenses "had been developed by PNAC for Rumsfeld, Cheney, Wolfowitz and Libby," and was "devoted to matters of 'maintaining US pre-eminence, thwarting rival powers and shaping the … It said the United States should strengthen ties with its democratic allies, "challenge regimes hostile to our interests and values," and preserve and extend "an international order friendly to our security, our prosperity, and our principles." 0000011942 00000 n 0000007852 00000 n [12][13][14][15] Academics such as Inderjeet Parmar, Phillip Hammond, and Donald E. Abelson have said PNAC's influence on the George W. Bush administration has been exaggerated.[16][17][18].