We also use this tense when the focus is more on the “result” of the action instead of the “telling” of the action. In the past perfect, our reference point is in the past. Welcome! Download: signal words on Monday (referring to the past) → simple past; I (give) you his phone number last month. Task No. A finished action in someone's life (when the person is still alive: life experience): Now they can watch the film. the car. Or you could try writing them on your own and checking the answers below. He went on an exchange program two years ago. If the verb form changes, the tense changes (and vice versa). If you’re still confused, no worries. We use the present perfect with how long, for, since to talk about actions or situations that started in the past and still continue or are still true now. In both cases, the focus is on telling of the action (“dancing a lot,” “walking home”) that took place in the past and not on the results or consequences of the action. Now you know how you can still use present tense to talk about a past event. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, take your English skills to the next level, Why Wait? The present perfect tense is formed by Have/Has + Past Participle. Plus, it’s a good way to start learning basic tenses if you’re a beginner. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn English with real-world videos. (It took place recently. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. In the present perfect, we use the helping verbs has or have along with the “participle” form of the main verb (which is the verb that indicates the action). Daughter: No, I (come / just) home from school. (Even though the time is mentioned here, the action is still ongoing or continuing into the present—we still know each other.). I have written a few lines already. Need more practice? To sum up, we use the simple past to refer to an event or an action that took place in “finished time” or to simply focus on talking about the action itself. In the simple past, we use just one verb and it’s used in the “past” form. 1. ), “Have you done your homework?” (A yes/no answer is wanted.). Past simple / Present perfect (simple / continuous) Past simple and Present perfect. I wrote a few lines of the story in my notebook last week. Instead, just focus on how the verb (“to read”) is changing in each. But in most cases of the present perfect, the time of the action is “unfinished” or unspecified, like in this example: He has been on an exchange program to Sweden. Past simple or present perfect? Exercise 1. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons. Learning English becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. Free interactive exercises to practice online or download as pdf to print. Present perfect or past simple worksheets and online activities. Verb Tense Exercise 5 Simple Past and Present Perfect f t p Using the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the appropriate tenses, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. Compare: John has broken another window. Test your knowledge in this crazy quiz! We use the past simple with how long, for, since to talk about actions or situations that started and finished in the past. can take anywhere. Here’s a quick summary of what we’ve learned so far: Now that you know the differences, it’s time to put your knowledge to test. records. Complete the sentences with the past OR the present perfect (simple or continuous). (to steal) 2. The students have to fill in the blanks with the correct form (affirmative, negative or interrogative) of the verbs in brackets. When I went to the car park, I found that my car ______ . As a language learner, you may be quite confused about the difference between the present perfect and the simple past tenses. Present perfect. Kurt went to Canada in 1991.; I didn't see you yesterday. Then press "Check" to see the correction. We’ve lived/’ve been living here for about a year now. Present Perfect vs. Click here to return to the list of English grammar exercises. You can improve your English right now by signing up for a free trial. In each example, the action was finished within a certain time frame. (you / wash) the dishes yet? 4. For more information on forms of the present perfect (simple), see Present perfect simple: positive. In short, the simple past is used when talk about events that already finished. Present Perfect Simple: Past Simple: Unfinished actions that started in the past and continue to the present: I‘ve known my wife for fifteen years (and I still know her). Perhaps the textbook approach doesn’t work for you and you want to memorize what you’ve learned in a more fun way. Peter . - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Somebody has let the cat in. FluentU brings English to life with real-world videos. Click here for more information about the present perfect tense, Click here for more information about the past simple tense, Present perfect or past simple exercise 1, Present perfect or past simple exercise 2, Present perfect or past simple exercise 3, Present perfect or past simple exercise 4. I was very confused and it was only later that I learned the differences between the two. These are simple, continuous, perfect and perfect continuous. To write a sentence in the simple past, we have to convert the verb to its simple past form. The Present Perfect tense is a rather important tense in English, but it gives speakers of some languages a difficult time. So in this post, I’m going to explain the differences between the present perfect and the simple past in a very simple way. In British English, we use the present perfect to talk about an action or situation in the past when we don't know the exact time or it isn't important. Present perfect continuous. The present perfect is a verb tense which is used to show that an action has taken place once or many times before now. The 16 Best Online Games to Practice English, The easiest way to remember is that the action/event in. Present Perfect: I have talked to Mary before. In other words, the event is already over and finished. Once you’re confident, we can look at them in greater detail and focus on the exceptions. The present perfect and simple past test helps you practice your English verb tenses. Tenses, as some of you may already know, are a way of measuring time. We use the present perfect for actions which started in the past and are still happening now OR for finished actions which have a connection to the present. ID: 38453 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Intermediate Age: 12-16 Main content: Present perfect or past simple Other contents: Present Perfect vs. Past Simple Add to my workbooks (1768) Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom (Download). © 2021 Enux Education Limited. We’re just talking about an event in the past and aren’t discussing the possible effects of it. I personally found the model of using yesterday, today and tomorrow to memorize the three tenses of past, present and future to be very useful. I ______ English for 5 years now. Madonna _____ (record) many albums and will probably make many more. to Italy. We may also use this tense when we want to focus on telling people about the action. Therefore, it’s still “connected” to the present. Feel free to check out her blog or contact her for freelancing/educational inquiries. Present perfect simple vs past simple exercises. Mother: You (come) home from school two hours ago! Mother: I want to prepare dinner. Choose the past simple or the present perfect. Emphasis on result. GapFillTyping_MTYzMTc= Level: intermediate. 19. Past simple and present perfect - how to form them and how to use them correctly. Click here for more information about the present perfect tense In the simple past, there is no connection to the present as in the present perfect. Future Continuous: I will be talking to Mary on the train ride tomorrow. This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you I hope by the time you finish reading it, the differences are clear in your head and you’ll never be confused about the two again. : Finished actions: I knew my friend Anne for fifteen years (but then she moved abroad and we lost touch). Past Simple i Present Perfect - budowa i zastosowanie Past Simple (podmiot + II forma czasownika) to czas, którego używamy do mówienia o sytuacjach i czynnościach, które wydarzyły się i zakończyły w określonym punkcie w czasie w przeszłości. We can often use either the present perfect simple or the present perfect continuous with since or for when something started in the past and continues now, or is repeated up to now. (= The cat is still in. Present Perfect Tense. Simple Future: I will talk to Mary tomorrow.
  • The simple past always refers to an action or situation that is finished . Simple Present: I talk to Mary at least once a day. After all, they both refer to events that already happened and are now in the past. Mother: (you / do / already) your homework? Another way to differentiate between the two tenses is to simply look at the verbs used. Past Perfect: I had talked to Mary before eating dinner. Compare: Addition of “-ed" in the root of regular verbs is how to make a simple past tense. : A finished action in someone’s life (when the person is still alive or it’s a life experience; e.g. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. Charakterystyczne są dla niego poniższe określenia czasu: Need more practice? Of all the tenses in English, these are the two verb tenses that differentiate the two forms of the English language. For now, don’t worry about why we have to use so many tenses. ), My husband and I have known each other for five years now. When we talk about any event or action (let’s say, eating a cookie), it can only happen in one of these three times: It happened yesterday or even earlier (Past): I talked to Mary yesterday. Check your understanding … Use the present perfect with "already," "just," and "yet" to speak about recent actions. Verb + ed / irregular verb Simple Past. Get more Perfect … It is used to show that an action or situation in the past:
  • -continues today, … Click here to review how to make the present perfect. (to live) 3. Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple). Past Perfect Continuous: I had been talking to Mary for two hours before we finally hung up. Simple Past Present Perfect Simple; Emphasis on action. If you still aren’t feeling confident, consider brushing up on your knowledge of how to use tenses before continuing. Where were you? In English, there are three main tenses: past, present and future. All Rights Reserved. He (tell/already) you why he won’t be able to come. (The time isn’t specified). In the present perfect, our reference point is the present. Yes, the present perfect is one of the forms of the present tense. Unfinished actions that started in the past and continue to the present: A finished action in someone's life (when the person is still alive: life experience): A finished action in someone's life (when the person is dead): A finished action with a result in the present: A finished action with no result in the present: With an unfinished time word (this week, this month, today): With a finished time word (last week, last month, yesterday): We use the past simple for past events or actions which have no connection to the present. An action that started in the past and continues to the present. The present perfect is most frequently used to talk about experiences or changes that have taken place, but there are other less common uses as well. Well, I’m here to tell you that when I first learned these English tenses, I had the same problem. This is a free intermediate English grammar quiz and esl worksheet. Simple Past or Present Perfect – Exercise 1. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. This point will become clearer once we get to present perfect. That’s why you’re here, reading this post. You might have noticed how the verb “to talk” changed depending on the tense of the sentence. By now, you understand the key differences between the past simple and the present perfect. ); The simple past tense is preferred when we identify the person or thing responsible for a present situation. I use the present perfect because the question is about results: « show me ». Here are a few simple and short quizzes and exercises that test your understanding of these two tenses. (“Eat” changes to “ate”). Example: I have bought a new bike. 4419. She walked home from the party. Decide if you need to use the simple past or the present perfect simple.. You’re right—it doesn’t make sense… at first! The present perfect continuous is formed with have/has been and the -ing form of the verb. These two verb tenses are very often confused. Each video comes with interactive captions and subtitles so you understand every word while also learning about English culture. It happened today or right now (Present): I am talking to Mary on the phone. (just telling what I did in the past.) Before I go into the details of the simple past and the present perfect, it’s important that you fully understand the concept of tenses in English. That is because it uses concepts or ideas that do not exist in those languages. Yes, the English language is curious like that. In other words, to convert a verb to the present perfect, we can use this simple formula: So if the verb is to fly, then the present perfect form would be: has/have + flown, as in the following examples: For regular verbs, the participle and simple past forms are the same. Choose the correct words or phrases. These events may be ongoing or completed but usually, the events took place recently and the time is unspecified. For regular verbs, there are a few rules regarding how to convert them. (The focus is on the result of the action—the pie is now finished by her! Learn English online. Indeed, if you’re going to master tenses, you need to know: Now, each of these three tenses can be further divided into four “sub” tenses. I’ve listened/been listening to the new album a lot since I downloaded it. So how do we determine the tense being used when looking at a sentence? The simple past tense is used for actions that started in the past and ended in the past as well. It doesn’t make any sense! John and Peggy . In that case, FluentU is the perfect educational app to brush up your knowledge of the tenses and take your English skills to the next level. The past simple (also called the simple past), as the name suggests, is the tense we use to talk about any action or event that has already happened. Click here to review how to make the past simple. Every sentence we speak or write in English is in one of these tenses. the book. Present perfect and past simple 2. Future Perfect: I will have talked to Mary by next week. The Present perfect is used to talk about. (We added an “-ed” to “walk”), He ate a pizza for dinner. No sign-up required. The Past Continuous tense is formed by joining was/were + present participle (-ing) Past Perfect Tense is formed by had + past participle. FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. It will happen tomorrow or even later (Future): I will talk tho Mary at work tomorrow. The past simple is used to talk about completed actions at a particular point in the past, often with dates or times and words like yesterday, last and ago:. Welcome to the Grammar Gameshow! For example: She has eaten the pie all by herself. (Of course, even if something happened a few minutes or hours ago, it’s also in the past—but this is a good basic trick for remembering which tense is used for which “time”!). Do you need help? It looks new again. Archita Mittra is a freelance writer, journalist, editor and educator. In other words, present perfect is listed under the present tense because the event usually took place just now or recently. Present Perfect Continuous: I have been talking to Mary for three hours now. There’s also a “quiz mode” after every video where you can put to practice what you’ve learned. The difference is the following: Present Perfect denotes recent actions and events which are connected with the present. The Top 8 Common English Diphthong Sounds with Examples, 9 Online English Speaking Courses to Become a Confident English Speaker, 8 Ways to Learn Professional English by Living Your Life, 7 English Pronunciation Apps to Speak Clear, Confident English in 2021, Game On! Use "yet" in the negative and question, but "already" and "just" in the positive form. "What have you done at school today?" Past Continuous: I was talking to Mary when you came in. The best way to explain this is to rewrite the above example in each of the sub-tenses. Tenses tell us whether a particular action has already happened, is happening or will happen. All it takes is a bit of practice and soon it’ll become second nature. signal word already → present perfect; The children (go/not) to school on Monday. I hope this post has cleared the confusion between the present perfect and the past simple tenses. We normally use the present perfect continuous to emphasise that something is still continuing in the present: She has been living in Liverpool all her life. Remember that the present perfect is for experiences and the simple past is for specific times in the past. (to learn) 4. Although the process of breaking the window took place in the past, its effect is still present – the window is still broken. In fact, the structure of the Present Perfect is very simple. The good news is, the more you practice the better you’ll be. The easiest way to remember is that the action/event in past simple refers to “finished” time while in present perfect, it suggests there’s still a … For irregular verbs, the participle forms must be memorized. Daughter: I (wash) the dishes yesterday, but I (have / not) the time yet to do it today. 1. Let’s take a regular verb like to walk and an irregular verb like to eat, for example. Of course, if we’re talking about a historical event or something that happened many years ago, we use the past tense. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. Both Present Perfect and Past Simple are used to talk about a completed action. football yesterday. (With this sentence I actually want to express that I have a new bike now.) But we normally use it to talk about events that have already happened. Both present perfect and past perfect talk about something that happened before a point in time (reference point). Present Continuous: I am talking to Mary right now. I use the simple past tense because the question is about activities, and the school day is considered finished. So be consistent and motivated about learning and you’ll be fluent in English before you know it! Download this exercise in PDF. Tom and Julie (go) to the cinema yesterday. How can I use the present tense to talk about the past in English? Moreover, we use this tense when we know the exact or specific details of the time of the event (such as yesterday, the previous winter, last year, five hours ago and so on). They . Example: I bought a new bike. Finished actions: I knew Julie for ten years (but then she moved away and we lost touch).